What we learned from the Uvalde shooting video, and what remains unknown

By Ray Sanchez and Peter Nickeas, CNN

The gunman walked into the Uvalde, Texas, elementary school and casually pushed back his very long hair in advance of transferring to adjoining lecture rooms in which he killed 19 college students and two academics, in accordance to edited portions of surveillance video clip of the law enforcement response.

The 82 minutes of disturbing footage from the massacre at Robb Elementary College clearly show police officers, some armed with rifles and ballistic shields, massed in a hallway for more than an hour just before moving into a classroom and killing the gunman.

At 1 stage officers approached the classroom doorway, in just minutes of the shooter coming into the faculty unimpeded. They then built a hasty retreat just after the gunman opened fireplace with his semi-automated rifle.

The movie sheds no mild on why officers waited so lengthy to confront the gunman, nor does it reveal who was responsible for the delay. In truth, times right after its publication by the Austin American-Statesman, the video clip raises a lot more issues than responses.

The gunman appeared to do most of the shooting involving the time he entered the school rooms and when the officers approached the classroom minutes afterwards only to retreat underneath a barrage of gunfire.

Here’s what the online video unveiled about the heavily criticized and perplexing law enforcement reaction — and the essential inquiries however unanswered as a Texas Dwelling of Associates investigative committee is set to launch its preliminary report on Sunday.

A delayed entry and retreat under hearth

In the 1st edited movie, which is just above 4 minutes prolonged, audio captures frantic lecturers screaming as the gunman crossed the parking whole lot after crashing a truck around the university campus.

He entered the faculty at 11:33 a.m. on May 24, turned down a hallway carrying a semi-computerized rifle — his experience briefly demonstrated — and walked into a classroom, where he again opened hearth, unleashing dozens of rounds.

When the pictures rang out, a pupil who had been peeking all around the hallway corner at the gunman quickly turned and ran away. Many bursts of gunfire echoed through the corridors for practically 3 minutes. The American-Statesman edited the footage to blur at minimum just one child’s id and to eliminate the seem of children screaming. The victims are not shown.

About a few minutes just after the shooter entered, at least 9 officers designed what appeared to be a coordinated entry into the creating. This was about 10 seconds just after the previous volley of pictures can be heard from the school rooms — which was followed by a prolonged pause.

At minimum two officers entered from a person conclusion of the hallway, and 7 in single file from the other. The movie confirmed, for the initially time, how quickly officers ended up at the scene and in close proximity to gunfire.

“That’s an amazing response time,” said Invoice Francis, a previous FBI agent who was a chief on the bureau’s elite hostage rescue staff for 17 decades. “What transpires up coming is where things form of go awry.”

At the very least 3 officers, two carrying rifles, immediately made their way toward the classroom door, crouching down for include.

Rather than forcing their way as a result of the door — which would have been the greatly recognized next move in an active-shooter predicament and the place it is in close proximity to specified the officers would have taken fireplace — they held outside the door right until further gunfire is listened to.

From the video clip by yourself the path of the gunfire from the classroom in unclear, while officials have earlier mentioned officers took fireplace when they very first approached the doorway.

“They’re suitable there,” Francis reported of the three officers seen around the classroom. “They’re getting gunfire. At that stage you just have to acquire the combat. You have to get in that room and you have to eradicate the threat and that’s proven doctrine.”

As a substitute, the officers retreated down the hallway to a place just underneath the surveillance digital camera. A single officer grabbed the again of his head.

“The safety priorities we train … are to prevail over that type of primal intuition of self-preservation and press via it to handle the danger, to have interaction the threat,” explained Thor Eells, govt director of the Countrywide Tactical Officers Association, referring to the preliminary missed option to confront the shooter.

“It does need that we would have to go into harm’s way in buy to do that and that was the option in between two, 3, four (officers) there to begin to engage that suspect with gunfire.”

Active shooter schooling holds, frequently, that delays in confronting a gunman can price civilians their life and officers really should move toward the gunfire, by itself if necessary, to halt the killing, according to professionals. A swift confrontation can preserve life.

“They forfeit the chance for young children that are wounded, bleeding within there, potentially to be saved and much more youngsters to be shot at that position. To me which is the major failure correct there,” Francis said of the officers’ choice to pull again from the gunfire.

The retreat arrived at a vital minute in the siege and raises issues about the coaching of the officers, in accordance to gurus who viewed the video.

“The officers do flip their back to the doorway and they operate down the hallway and the shooter, if he wished to, quickly could have opened that door and killed all all those officers,” Francis reported. “They simply just change and run absent from the gunfire. It is just regrettable due to the fact at that level they eliminate all momentum.”

Slain teacher’s husband was among the initial responders

Officers in physique armor, some carrying ballistic shields, are noticed milling about in the college hallway though the gunman occupied adjoining classrooms.

Police human body digicam online video, involved in the footage, confirmed two officers fist bump at 1 issue. An officer is viewed in a further clip employing a hand sanitizer dispenser mounted on a wall.

Early in the siege, one particular officer is viewed checking his cellular phone, which prompted criticism in some quarters right up until a community politician provided some vital context.

Condition Rep. Joe Moody, one particular of a few House Investigative Committee members seeking into the regulation enforcement response, tweeted that the officer is Ruben Ruiz of the Uvalde College District Law enforcement — the husband of instructor Eva Mireles, who was shot and killed.

The teacher contacted her husband on the cellphone even though he stood with gun in hand down the hallway to say she was dying, according to Moody.

Mireles was a fourth grade instructor. She’d been an educator for 17 a long time, her relatives has stated. Seconds immediately after staying seen on the telephone, the video clip demonstrates Ruiz strolling out of digital camera check out. He returns moments later on and speaks with other officers.

Ruiz was ultimately removed from the developing immediately after hoping to intervene, in accordance to Moody.

“He tried to have interaction but was taken off from the building and disarmed,” Moody explained. His endeavor to interact the shooter and his removing from the setting up are not seen.

The Uvalde County coroner’s office environment hasn’t introduced information and facts about the deaths that day and community officials haven’t commented on how lots of small children might have died whilst officers waited outdoors and inside of the building.

Through the siege, young children produced a number of cell phone calls to the law enforcement as officers waited in the hallway. An 11-year-old woman who survived explained she smeared herself in the blood of a lifeless classmate and performed dead.

Steve Ijames, who headed a SWAT unit in Missouri and is now a guide on law enforcement practices, explained the online video does not expose whether or not some officers tried out to interact the shooter on their possess.

“I’ve acquired to imagine some individuals are turning to others and saying, ‘What do we exist for? What are we executing?’ ” Ijames reported.

“The overriding issue when you enjoy the video clip is, ‘Why aren’t you performing your career?’ There’s tons of cops pointing guns down the corridor as however they’re expecting this man to occur working out. The thought that we just stand there with bunkers and shields and rifles and helmets and do absolutely nothing is just incomprehensible.”

Ijames is shocked one particular of the officers in the video “didn’t just say, f—- this, we’re going in.”

Video sheds no light-weight on purpose of agencies at the scene

It’s not apparent from the video clip by itself which agencies the officers belonged to or who was in command, although the investigative report to be launched this weekend could deliver solutions.

The Texas Division of Community Security has reported the officer in charge was the school district’s law enforcement chief, Pedro “Pete” Arredondo, who has been slammed by the slain children’s mothers and fathers, nearby leaders and regulation enforcement officers.

The DPS has explained Arredondo misclassified the siege as a barricade problem, which — contrary to an lively shooter report — calls for a much more measured response.

Arredondo has explained he neither considered himself the incident commander nor instructed officers to refrain from breaching the lecture rooms. He resigned the Uvalde Metropolis Council seat he assumed just a 7 days following the assault.

At the very least a few federal, two state and three nearby businesses responded to the carnage at Robb Elementary. The movie sheds no mild on the position of ranking officers from other organizations.

“We don’t know what these other leadership people that arrived immediately after the initial main arrived, what their conversation was with that main, but there’s a lot of folks that could have stepped up and taken cost that were being essentially in the hallway,” Francis reported.

Several of at least eight companies whose officers responded to the university that day have not responded to CNN requests for comment. Some others have declined comment about their position in the reaction.

Uvalde County District Attorney Christina Mitchell Busbee said in a assertion last thirty day period that the capturing was getting investigated by the FBI and Texas Rangers. She claimed that “any launch of documents to that incident at this time would interfere with reported ongoing investigation and would impede a complete and total investigation.”

Busbee has also objected to the launch of movie, in accordance to the Texas DPS. The district lawyer has not responded to CNN requests for comment.

DPS Director Col. Steven McCraw final month criticized the delayed law enforcement response as an “abject failure,” citing in part evidence from the hallway surveillance video.

“This was undoubtedly a mess,” stated Francis, referring to the legislation enforcement reaction. “There’s plenty of blame to go all-around.”

The online video does not reveal what was going on with the police response outside the college.

“What’s going on exterior that classroom and other breach factors — home windows and points like that?” Francis asked.

“A lot of times we would established up to have interaction topics from windows… Whether or not the matter could be engaged from any of all those factors at the very least the movie definitely doesn’t truly deal with that.”

Other video of officers equally inside of and outdoors the creating have not been built general public.

“We haven’t noticed any of that and which is why I imagine there is a good deal of information that could potentially clarify why there is not as a lot exercise likely on inside of if there is a little something that (officers within) ended up staying briefed or advised was taking position on the exterior,” said Eells, the govt director of the Countrywide Tactical Officers Affiliation.

“I’m not confident, with out owning the benefit of interviewing and speaking to the officers that have been on scene, what they ended up pondering and why they have been so singularly centered on remaining in the interior and making an attempt to get the suspect from that perspective, compared to applying the exterior — which would have been a good deal a lot easier to do and potentially even more quickly to do.”

At 12:21 p.m., a group of officers, including US Border Patrol brokers in tactical gear, moved down the corridor in formation.

All over again they waited — this time right until 12:50 p.m. — to breach the classroom and kill the gunman.

A volley of gunfire signaled the conclude of one of the deadliest college shootings in US heritage, just two times in advance of the summer months split. The confrontation with the gunman is not revealed.

Times later on, the movie ends.

“One of the major points that is likely to modify below is recognizing the have to have for leadership and command degree or supervisory stage personnel staying superior experienced, far better geared up to make conclusions in essential incidents,” Eells stated. “You do not have minutes to make conclusions. You have seconds.”

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CNN’s Rosa Flores, Rosalina Nieves and Elizabeth Wolfe contributed to this report.